The average interest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage ended the week at 3.434%, 0.026 percentage points higher than on Monday. Most other loan categories also saw higher rates in recent days.
Freddie Mac’s benchmark rate also jumped above 3% this week. Still, rates remain near historic lows and well-qualified borrowers still have the opportunity to buy a home or refinance their mortgages at attractive rates and low monthly payments.
- The latest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is 3.434%.
- The latest rate on a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage is 2.512%.
- The latest rate on a 5/1 jumbo ARM is 2.365%.
- The latest rate on a 7/1 conforming ARM is 2.96%.
- The latest rate on a 10/1 conforming ARM is 3.786%.
Money’s daily mortgage rates reflect what a borrower with a 20% down payment and a 700 credit score — roughly the national average score — might pay if he or she applied for a home loan right now. Each day’s rates are based on the average rate 8,000 lenders offered to applicants the previous business day. Freddie Mac’s weekly rates will generally be lower, since they measure rates offered to borrowers with higher credit scores.
Current mortgage rates: 30-year fixed-rate mortgage rates
- The 30-year rate is 3.434%.
- That’s a one-day increase of 0.014 percentage points. ⇑
- That’s a one-month increase of 0.171 percentage points. ⇑
The interest rate and monthly payments on fixed-rate mortgages won’t change for however long you keep the loan, making it attractive to most borrowers. The 30-year term is the most popular of all because its long payback time means your monthly payments will be lower compared to shorter-term loans. The interest rate will be higher, however, so you’ll pay more in the long run.
Current mortgage rates: 15-year fixed-rate mortgage rates
- The 15-year rate is 2.512%.
- That’s a one-day decrease of 0.001 percentage points. ⇓
- That’s a one-month increase of 0.15 percentage points. ⇑
The shorter payback time of a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage results in higher monthly payments compared to a similar 30-year mortgage. On the bright side, the interest rate will be lower, so you’ll pay less over time.
Current mortgage rates: 5/1 jumbo adjustable-rate mortgage rates
- The 5/1 ARM rate is 2.365%.
- That’s a one-day increase of 0.004 percentage points. ⇑
- That’s a one-month increase of 0.178 percentage points. ⇑
Another option is an adjustable-rate mortgage, which will have a fixed interest rate for an introductory period. Once that period ends, the rate will adjust to market conditions and reset at specific intervals. The monthly payments will be fixed at first but then become variable as well.
The interest rate on a 5/1, for instance, will have a fixed rate for five years, then rest every year after. Most ARMs have a full term of 30 years.
Current mortgage rates: VA, FHA and jumbo loan rates
The average rates for FHA, VA and jumbo loans are:
- The rate on a 30-year FHA mortgage is 3.134%. ⇑
- The rate on a 30-year VA mortgage is 3.17%. ⇑
- The rate on a 30-year jumbo mortgage is 3.547%. ⇑
Current mortgage refinance rates
The average rates for 30-year loans, 15- year loans and 5/1 jumbo ARMs are:
- The refinance rate on a 30-year fixed-rate refinance is 3.614%. ⇑
- The refinance rate on a 15-year fixed-rate refinance is 2.623%. ⇓
- The refinance rate on a 5/1 jumbo ARM is 2.664%. ⇔
- The refinance rate on a 7/1 conforming ARM is 3.872%. ⇑
- The refinance rate on a 10/1 conforming ARM is 4.067%. ⇑
Where are mortgage rates heading this year?
Mortgage rates sank through 2020. Millions of homeowners responded to low mortgage rates by refinancing existing loans and taking out new ones. Many people bought homes they may not have been able to afford if rates were higher.
In January 2021, rates briefly dropped to the lowest levels on record, but trended higher through the month and into February.
Looking ahead, experts believe interest rates will rise more in 2021, but modestly. Factors that could influence rates include how quickly the COVID-19 vaccines are distributed and when lawmakers can agree on another economic relief package. More vaccinations and stimulus from the government could lead to improved economic conditions, which would boost rates.
While mortgage rates are likely to rise this year, experts say the increase won’t happen overnight and it won’t be a dramatic jump. Rates should stay near historically low levels through the first half of the year, rising slightly later in the year. Even with rising rates, it will still be a favorable time to finance a new home or refinance a mortgage.
Factors that influence mortgage rates include:
- The Federal Reserve. The Fed took swift action when the pandemic hit the United States in March of 2020. The Fed announced plans to keep money moving through the economy by dropping the short-term Federal Fund interest rate to between 0% and 0.25%, which is as low as they go. The central bank also pledged to buy mortgage-backed securities and treasuries, propping up the housing finance market. The Fed has reaffirmed its commitment to these policies for the foreseeable future multiple times, most recently at a late January policy meeting.
- The 10-year Treasury note. Mortgage rates move in lockstep with the yields on the government’s 10-year Treasury note. Yields dropped below 1% for the first time in March 2020 and have been slowly rising since then. Currently, yields have been hovering above 1% since the beginning of the year, pushing interest rates slightly higher. On average, there is typically a 1.8 point “spread” between Treasury yields and benchmark mortgage rates.
- The broader economy. Unemployment rates and changes in gross domestic product are important indicators of the overall health of the economy. When employment and GDP growth are low, it means the economy is weak, which can push interest rates down. Thanks to the pandemic, unemployment levels reached all-time highs early last year and have not yet recovered. GDP also took a hit, and while it has bounced back somewhat, there is still a lot of room for improvement.
Tips for getting the lowest mortgage rate possible
There is no universal mortgage rate that all borrowers receive. Qualifying for the lowest mortgage rates takes a little bit of work and will depend on both personal financial factors and market conditions.
Check your credit score and credit report. Errors or other red flags may be dragging your credit score down. Borrowers with the highest credit scores are the ones who will get the best rates, so checking your credit report before you start the house-hunting process is key. Taking steps to fix errors will help you raise your score. If you have high credit card balances, paying them down can also provide a quick boost.
Save up money for a sizeable down payment. This will lower your loan-to-value ratio, which means how much of the home’s price the lender has to finance. A lower LTV usually translates to a lower mortgage rate. Lenders also like to see money that has been saved in an account for at least 60 days. It tells the lender you have the money to finance the home purchase.
Shop around for the best rate. Don’t settle for the first interest rate that a lender offers you. Check with at least three different lenders to see who offers the lowest interest. Also consider different types of lenders, such as credit unions and online lenders in addition to traditional banks.
Also take time to find out about different loan types. While the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage is the most common type of mortgage, consider a shorter-term loan like a 15-year loan or an adjustable-rate mortgage. These types of loans often come with a lower rate than a conventional 30-year mortgage. Compare the costs of all to see which one best fits your needs and financial situation. Government loans — such as those backed by the Federal Housing Authority, the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Agriculture — can be more affordable options for those who qualify.
Finally, lock in your rate. Locking your rate once you’ve found the right rate, loan product and lender will help guarantee your mortgage rate won’t increase before you close on the loan.
Our mortgage rate methodology
Money’s daily mortgage rates show the average rate offered by over 8,000 lenders across the United States the most recent business day rates are available for. Today, we are showing rates for Thursday, September 30, 2021. Our rates reflect what a typical borrower with a 700 credit score might expect to pay for a home loan right now. These rates were offered to people putting 20% down and include discount points.